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SEO markup for themes

SEO markup for themes

Last Updated: May 20, 2014 01:45PM EDT

When designing a custom Koken theme you should always keep SEO (search engine optimization) in mind. This guide will contain recommendations and best practices for you to follow.

General tags

Every theme's template should include the standard set of document <head> tags you know and love. Here's some example markup you can use to get started:

<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1">
  <!-- Publishes dynamic author, description and keyword HTML tags -->
  <koken:meta />
  <!-- Publishes dynamic page title -->
  <koken:title />
</head>

The global values for the <koken:title /> and <koken:meta /> tags are controlled through Settings > Site Publishing inside Koken. When a page on your site is loaded, Koken will automatically append content data to both of these tags. For example, a content page's title would include the image's title plus the global site title (e.g., "Image title / Site title) and the meta tags would include the image's caption and tags (published as keywords).

img alt attributes

When publishing an image using <koken:img />, Koken automatically assigns the image's title as its alt attribute. These alt properties are important for they tell Google and other search engines what an image is about. If a title isn't assigned, filename is used instead. If you don't want Koken to publish alt, you may override it with a null value:

<koken:img alt="" />

Canonical links

Canonical links are important because some pages (most notably content.lens) may be accessed through multiple URLs. That's bad for SEO, so Koken automatically publishes canonical meta tags in the <head> of any page that needs one. For example:

<link rel="canonical" href="http://yoursite.com/content/image-title/">

This is handled for you automatically, so there's nothing you need to edit or modify.

Semantic markup

When creating markup for your theme you should always keep semantics in mind. Meaning, use HTML tags that adequately describe the content being presented and try to structure your content hierarchically. In general, lots -- and we mean lots -- of articles have been written about semantic markup, so dive in.

Social media

SEO isn't just about search engines, but social media too. We've published a separate article on integrating social media metadata and links that should be followed as well.

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